Dinner fork deformity colles fracture

Dinner fork deformity colles fracture

What is a dinner fork deformity?

A dinner fork deformity , also known as a bayonet deformity , occurs as the result of a malunited distal radial fracture , usually a Colles fracture . The distal fragment is dorsally angulated, displaced and often also impacted.

What is the commonest complication of Colles fracture?

A study of 565 fractures revealed 177 (31 per cent) with such complications as persistent neuropathies of the median, ulnar, or radial nerves (forty-five cases), radiocarpal or radio-ulnar arthrosis (thirty-seven cases), and malposition- malunion (thirty cases).

What is a Colles fracture?

The radius is the larger of the two bones between your elbow and wrist. A Colles fracture is a break in the radius close to the wrist. It was named for the surgeon who first described it. Typically, the break is located about an inch (2.5 centimeters) below where the bone joins the wrist.

What is the difference between Colles fracture and Smith fracture?

A Smith’s fracture , is a fracture of the distal radius. It is caused by a direct blow to the dorsal forearm or falling onto flexed wrists, as opposed to a Colles ‘ fracture which occurs as a result of falling onto wrists in extension. Smith’s fractures are less common than Colles ‘ fractures .

Which nerve is affected in Colles fracture?

A Colles’ fracture is a type of fracture of the distal forearm in which the broken end of the radius is bent backwards. Symptoms may include pain, swelling, deformity, and bruising. Complications may include damage to the median nerve . It typically occurs as a result of a fall on an outstretched hand.

How painful is a Colles fracture?

When you have a Colles ‘ wrist fracture , the distal end breaks, which can cause your wrist to bend in an abnormal way. This injury is very painful . You might not be able to hold or grip anything, and your wrist will be swollen. You might also have bruising in this area.

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What are the complications of Colles fracture?

Complications malunion resulting in dinner fork deformity. median nerve palsy and post-traumatic carpal tunnel syndrome. reflex sympathetic dystrophy. secondary osteoarthritis, more frequently seen in patients with intra-articular involvement. EPL tendon tear.

How is Colles fracture treated?

Colles’ fracture surgery For a more severe Colles’ fracture, your doctor may need to perform broken wrist surgery . You’ll then wear a cast for about six weeks. You may have a long recovery after Colles’ fracture surgery . Even after your doctor removes the cast or splint, you might have constant stiffness in your arm.

How do you prevent a Colles fracture?

Colles ‘ fracture is a distal radius injury, with dorsal tilt of the distal radial fracture fragment. Its typical treatment involves reduction and plaster cast immobilization to restore its anatomical position.

What causes Colles fracture?

A Colles fracture usually happens when someone falls on to an outstretched arm. It can also occur as a result of trauma , such as occurs in a car, bike, or skiing accident. The age of the person can affect whether or not a Colles fracture occurs.

Which end of the bone is fractured in a Colles fracture?

A Colles fracture occurs when the broken end of the radius tilts upward. A distal radius fracture almost always occurs about 1 inch from the end of the bone . The break can occur in many different ways, however.

Can you drive with a broken wrist?

Driving is not recommended for anyone wearing a cast because joint mobility is limited. For example, wearing a wrist splint can significantly distort the ability to drive a vehicle. Indeed, emergency reaction times are longer. Moreover, you could get pulled over if your driving is affected by your injury.

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What is a reverse Colles fracture?

A Smith fracture is an eponym for an extraarticular fracture of the distal radius featuring a volar displacement or angulation of the distal fragment. It is also known as a reverse Colles fracture since the more common Colles fracture features a dorsal displacement of the distal fracture fragment.

What is the mechanism of injury for a Colles fracture?

[1] The term Colles fracture is often used eponymously for distal fractures with dorsal angulation. [2] These distal radius fractures are often caused by falling on an outstretched hand with the wrist in dorsiflexion, causing tension on the volar aspect of the wrist, causing the fracture to extend dorsally.

What are the three eponymous classifications of a distal radius fracture?

This article will name and focus on the three most common eponymous distal radius fracture types, the Colles’ fracture , the Smith’s fracture , and the Barton’s fracture . The Colles’ fractures are the most common type of wrist fracture , accounting for 90% of all distal radius fractures .

Daniel Barlow

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