Minors who are 16 – and 17- years – old may be employed performing any of the restaurant/food retail activities listed above (under the 14- and 15- year – old category), and may also prepare food as their sole duty.
Fourteen- and 15 – year-olds may be employed in food preparation, but they may not perform any baking activities and only limited cooking tasks. There are also restrictions on the number of hours and times of day that these minors may be employed.
Remember: Child labor laws do not permit workers younger than 16 to cook, except at soda fountains, lunch counters, snack bars, and cafeteria serving counters. Young workers who cook in restaurants are especially at risk of burn injuries while cooking with or cleaning deep fat fryers or vents above fryers .
Under the FLSA, 16- and 17 – year – olds can work in any job that is not declared hazardous. There are 17 hazardous jobs young workers are prohibited from doing. These include mining, meatpacking or processing, using power-driven bakery machines or paper product machines, roofing, and excavation operations.
In most states, the legal age to begin working is 14, but a 13 -year-old can still perform many part-time jobs , from taking care of younger kids to tending gardens.
Youth who are 14 and 15 years old may enroll in a work experience education program and be issued permits to work in full-time employment if: the youth needs the full-time earnings for support because he or she minor is unable to reside with his or her family; or.
Children under 14 years of age may not be employed in non-agricultural occupations covered by the FLSA, including food service establishments. Permissible employment for such children is limited to work that is exempt from the FLSA (such as delivering newspapers to the consumer and acting).
Federal Child Labor Laws Federal law sets the minimum age to work most jobs, including as a waitress , as 14 . Once a child reaches the age of 16, no federal restrictions limit the amount of hours per week or times at which a waitress may be scheduled.
Job Restrictions for 14 – and 15- Year – Olds They may also perform a variety of food service jobs, including waiting on tables, busing tables, dispensing food from a steam table or chafing dish , washing dishes , and preparing salads and other food.
Minors under 16 may work 8-40 during non-school day or week. 11 p.m. to 6:30 a.m., before school day.
10- 12 year olds and up Once they pass a few of these “tests,” they can move onto basic tasks at the stove (stirring, making eggs) and oven, or using a chef’s knife, without close adult supervision. However, it is recommended that there still be an adult in the house in case of emergency.
In general, young people aged 16 and 17 are not allowed to work before 6am in the morning or after 10pm at night. Any exceptions to this rule must be provided by regulation.
Legally , 12 – year – olds can ‘t work in traditional after-school jobs —such as supermarket cashier—that their slightly older peers are eligible for. But most preteens can handle many side jobs and other ways to earn money.
16 and 17 year olds You’ll only be able to work for eight hours every day, or a total of 40 hours over the course of a week. Because you’ve reached school leaving age, you may find that employers may be more willing to offer you part – time or full – time employment.